Rowing involves propelling a boat on water using oars to push against the water with an oar. There are a number of different boat classes in which athletes compete, ranging from an individual shell (called a single scull) to an eight-person shell with coxswain (called a coxed eight). The coxswain (or simply the cox) is the member who sits in the boat facing the bow, steers the boat, and coordinates the power and rhythm of the rowers.

Rowing was one of six sports included in the very first Games in Hamilton 1930 and after a gap in London 1934, it featured on the programme until Perth 1962. The sport made a return in Edinburgh in 1986 when eight countries sent athletes to compete in men’s and women’s events. Rowing remains recognised by the Commonwealth Games Federation as a sport with potential for inclusion in future Commonwealth Games.